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Sunday, April 3, 2011

How does Chinese work? – Understanding Chinese through basic sentence patterns.



SENTENCE PATTERN 1.
这是一项佥某。
zhè shì yī xiàng qiānmǒu
(This is a plan unanimously agreed upon.)
Grammar:
zhè (the opposite of  that) can mean, depending upon the context, this or these.
is the equivalent of the English verb „to be”. Chinese verbs are not conjugated, their form stays unchanged in all situations, although the meaning varies according to the context. In the following examples, notice the invariability of the Chinese shì, as opposed to the English shift of form.
学生。I am a student.
wǒ shì xuésheng.
我们学生。We are students.
wǒmen shì xuésheng
学生。He is a student.
shì xuésheng

SENTENCE PATTERN 2.
你的话充满智慧。
nǐdehuàchōngmǎnzhìhuì。
(Your words are full of wisdom.)
Grammar:
The genitive case is expressed in Chinese through the use of the particle. Thus, a simple pronoun becomes a possessive adjective when is added after it.
/我们wǒmen I/we + = 我的,我们的 my/our
/你们nǐ/nǐmen you + = 你的,你们的 your
他她它/他们tā/tāmen he she it/they + = 他的,她的,他们的,她们的 his her/their

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