只 zhī zhǐ is what the chinese aptly call a 多音字, that is to say a polyphonic character, a character with several several different pronunciations. The meaning changes along with the pronunciation. In the text above, the character is pronounced zhǐand it means only, merely (处...外 没有任何其他) 只是, 只有. 只 zhī is also used as a partitive for 鸡, 牛, 羊, 球, 手, 足 etc.
穷qióng (Etymology of 穷. Consider the traditional form: 窮. A phonosemantic character. The phonetic element is 躬 gōng, which means to bow. By extension, someone crouching in a cave is a close description of a poor person.) Don’t mix 穷with 劳láo. Remember that the idea of poverty is associated with the radical 穴 xué, which means cave.
吹牛chuīniú What a funny way to say ‚to brag, to boast’: blow the cow.
富有fùyǒu Abundance, richness is suggested by fields 田piled high 高, and their harvest under the roof of a storage room. Here are some of derivates: 副fù福fú幅fú辐fú匐fú蝠fú. Notice that only 副 is pronounced with a fourth tone, al the rest are pronounced with a second tone.
天上飞的 tiānshàngfēide everything that flies
地上跑的 dìshàngpǎode everything that walks the surface of the earth
急急忙忙 jíjímángmáng in a hurry
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