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Tuesday, August 17, 2010

Romanian Intermediate 002

Care-i limba ta maternă?
Acasă în familie vorbim atît româna cît şi maghiara. Vorbesc maghiara şi româna la fel de bine!
Taică-meu (tatăl meu) este român originar din Iaşi. Maică-mea (mama mea) este unguroaică din secuime. Este din Odorheiu Secuiesc.
Tu de unde eşti de loc? Din Oradea.
Acolo trăiesc la un loc români şi unguri!

Translation
What is your mother tongue?
At home we sppeak both Romanian and Hungarian. I speak Hungarian and Romanian equally well! My father is a Romanian originally from Iaşi. My mother is a Hungarian from Szekely land. She is from Odorehiu Secuiesc (Szekely Udvarhely) Where are you from? I come from Oradea. There Romanians and Hungarians live together.

Language and cultural notes
„Care-i” – This contracted form is very common in spoken Romanian. The standard form is „Care este”
limbă – language; tongue
matern – maternal
limba ta maternă – your mother tongue
acasă – at home
în familie – within the family
a vorbi – to speak (eu vorbesc, tu vorbeşti, el/ea vorbeşte, noi vorbim, voi vorbiţi, ei/ele vorbesc
atât ... cât şi – both. ... and ...
la fel de ... (+ adj.) – equally ((+ adjective)
„taică-meu” and „maică-mea” are both common in spoken Romanian. The formal variants are „tatăl meu” and „mama mea”.
Secuime – is a geographical area of Romania, historically inhabitted by a magyarized Hungarian speaking population, the Szekely, who live mainly in the Romanian counties of Hargita and Covasna.
In Ardeal (Transylvania) many Hungarians refer to geographical places by their Hungarian name only, thus, being completely oblivious of the Romanian reality: Examples: Odorheiu Secuiesc – Szekely Udvarhely
de unde – where from
din – from (Din is a preposition used befor names of places to indicate place origin)
trăiesc – to live (eu trăiesc, tu trăieşti, el/ea trăieşte, noi trăieşte, voi trăiţi, ei/ele trăiesc)
la un loc – in one place

Adjectives and pronouns have four forms, because there must be a gender and number concordance between the adjectives and the nouns determined by them.:
tatăl meu – my father (masculine gender singular)
mamă mea – my mother (feminine gender singular)
copiii mei – my children (masculine gender plural)
fetele mele – my daughters (feminine gender plural)
calul tău – your horse (masculine singular)
limba ta – your language (feminine singular)
caii tăi – your horse (masculine plural)
casele tale – your houses (feminine plural)

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